Created at : 20 April 2023
Last Updated At : 06 November 2023

Reviewed By Mustafa Orkun Ertugrul, DMD

What are The Stained Teeth and Their Causes?

The answer to the questions of what are the stained teeth, what are the causes and how to get rid of the stained teeth on our page. Click detailed information!

Stained teeth are a common dental issue that many people face. It occurs when stain particles from various sources build-up a film of protein that covers the tooth enamel, creating tooth discoloration. 

Below we will share information on the types of teeth stains, how to clean stained teeth / how to remove stains from teeth and how to prevent it from happening again. 

What Are The Types of Teeth Stains?


There are several types of teeth stains, which can be categorized based on the underlying cause of the discoloration. These include:

Extrinsic stains: 
These are stains on the outer layer of the tooth, known as the enamel, caused by external factors such as food and drink, tobacco, and poor dental hygiene. Extrinsic stains typically appear as yellow stained teeth, brown stained teeth, or black stained teeth and can often be removed with professional teeth whitening or regular dental cleaning.

Intrinsic stains:
These are stains on the inner layer of the tooth, known as the dentin, caused by internal factors such as aging, trauma, or medication use. Intrinsic stains are typically gray or brown in color and can be more difficult to remove than extrinsic stains.

Age-related stains:
As we age, the enamel on our teeth naturally thins and wears away, making the dentin underneath more visible. This can cause the teeth to appear more yellow or brown in color, creating yellow stained teeth.

Fluorosis stains:
Fluorosis is a condition that occurs when too much fluoride is ingested during tooth development. This can cause white or brown spots or streaks on the teeth.

Tetracycline stains:
Tetracycline is an antibiotic that can cause gray or brown stains on the teeth if taken during tooth development.

Trauma-related stains:
Trauma to the teeth, such as a fall or injury, can cause the teeth to become discolored or develop dark spots.

Stains caused by dental restorations:
Dental restorations such as fillings, crowns, and bridges can become discolored over time and cause staining on the surrounding teeth.

It is important to consult with a dentist to determine the underlying cause of stained teeth and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Stained Teeth Causes

There are several stained teeth causes, including:

Poor dental hygiene:
Inadequate brushing and flossing can lead to a buildup of plaque and tartar, which can cause yellow stained teeth or brown stains on the teeth.

Tobacco use:
Stained teeth from smoking or chewing tobacco is very common. It can cause brown stains on the teeth, as well as bad breath and other dental issues.

Foods and beverages:
Certain foods and drinks can cause staining on the teeth, including coffee, tea, red wine, cola, and berries. This is also commonly known as tea stained teeth or coffee stained teeth. 

As we age, the outer layer of enamel on our teeth naturally wears away, revealing the yellowish dentin underneath.

Some medications can cause staining on the teeth, such as tetracycline and certain antihistamines.

Some people are born with naturally thicker or darker enamel, which can make the teeth appear more like yellow stained teeth.

Dental restorations:
Certain dental restorations, such as fillings or crowns, may become discolored over time and cause staining on the surrounding teeth.

How to Get Rid of The Stained Teeth?

If you are wondering “Why are my teeth stained?” or “Why are my teeth yellow?” and how to clean stained teeth, the treatment options for stained teeth depend on the type and severity of the tooth discoloration. The answer cleaning stained teeth are usually practical and easy solutions. Most are included within the general title of cosmetic dentistry. 
Here are some common ways on how to get rid of stained teeth:

Professional teeth whitening: 
This is a common and effective treatment for extrinsic stains. A dentist can use a special gel and light to break down the stains and lighten the teeth by several shades.

Dental bonding:
This involves applying a tooth-colored resin to the surface of the teeth to cover up stains and tooth discoloration.

Porcelain veneers:
These are thin shells of porcelain that are custom-made to fit over the front of the teeth to improve their appearance.

For severely stained teeth or those with other dental issues, a crown may be necessary to improve the appearance of the tooth.

Improving dental hygiene:
Regular brushing, flossing, and dental cleanings can help to remove surface stains and prevent further discoloration.

Avoiding staining foods and beverages:
Limiting or avoiding consumption of coffee, tea, red wine, and other staining foods and drinks can help to prevent further discoloration. Also avoiding what is commonly known as tea stained teeth or coffee stained teeth. 

It is important to consult with a dentist to determine the best treatment option for you on how to remove stains from teeth. They can assess the cause of the discoloration and recommend the most appropriate solution for your specific needs. 

After the required treatment, the best way to prevent stained teeth is to practice good dental hygiene, limit consumption of staining foods and drinks, and avoid tobacco use. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings can also help to remove surface stains and prevent further tooth discoloration.


Booking Surgery
Alan Price reviewed I Cannot Recommend Enough!

I recently underwent a gastric sleeve surgery with on the 10th of June in Tekirdag, Istanbul, and I cannot express how satisfied I am with the entire experience. As a registered nurse with NHS experience, I approached this decision with a great deal of caution. I conducted extensive research, interviewed multiple doctors, and spoke to numerous representatives to ensure I was making the best choice for my health. My thorough vetting process paid off, as the care and service provided by were absolutely outstanding. From the moment I arrived in Turkey, I felt well taken care of. The coordinator, Mike Smith, went above and beyond to ensure everything ran smoothly and coped well with my inquisitive annoying ways before choosing my provider. The translators on site – Ellie, Stella, Martin, and Oscar – were exceptional. They were not only proficient in their translations but also incredibly friendly and helpful, making the entire process seamless and stress-free. The level of care I received at Yasam Hospital was exemplary. The pre-surgery checks and tests were thorough, with meticulous attention to detail in blood monitoring and other necessary evaluations. The nursing staff were phenomenal, demonstrating high levels of competence and compassion throughout my stay. Their dedication and professionalism were in my experience superior to, the standards I’ve experienced within the NHS. The surgery itself went without a hitch, and the post-operative care was equally impressive. The medical team ensured I was comfortable and well-informed at every stage of the recovery process. The comprehensive follow-up care and guidance provided have been instrumental in my smooth recovery. To add i am the most anxious person, never had a General Anaesthetic. They catered to my needs. If i could work for this company i would and will advocate that my loved ones and friends go here for any surgery needs! Having experienced such exceptional care and service, I wholeheartedly recommend to anyone considering a gastric sleeve surgery or any other medical procedure. The quality of care, attention to detail, and overall patient experience far exceeded my expectations. In fact, I would now choose this company over the NHS for such procedures. In conclusion, my experience with has been nothing short of extraordinary. The entire team, from the coordinators and translators to the nursing staff and surgeons, contributed to making this a positive and life-changing experience. I will continue to advocate for this company and recommend it to anyone seeking top-notch medical care abroad.

Priscille Vuanda reviewed Vous n'avez pas à avoir peur y a toujours une personne qui parle votre langue et qui peut répond à tout vos questions

Honnêtement au début j'avais peur, mais javais Pierre qui de le début communiqué déjà avec moi via WhatsApp à tout moment il était disponible 7/7, 24/24. A mon arrivé à Istanbul on avait un chauffeur privé très sympathique qui est venu nous chercher à l'aéroport poir nous déposer à l'hôpital. Arrivé à l'hôpital j'ai été accueilli par Des infirmière très très gentil dont Ellie et des interprète et accompagnateur trooooooop sympathique dont Oscar et Stella. Je tien vraiment à remercier ses personnes la parce sans eux l'expérience serait peut être différent. Pierre avait déjà réussi à me mettre en confiance depuis que jetait encore à Bruxelles. Après ma chirurgie ils ont était au petit soin avec moi🥹. Et même à mon retour en Belgique j'ai Pierre qui continue à prendre de mes nouvelles et il sera présent tout au long. Un grand merci à Pierre,Oscar,Stella et Ellie. Vous allez beaucoup me manquer

Mags reviewed Excellent service with

I used for procedures at medistanbul with Dr Yalcin. From getting in contact to having the procedures the care has been second to none. The coordinators and interpreters have made everything seamless, many thanks to Lily, Morgan and Frank for all your help. The nursing staff are always at the end of the buzzer and the cleaners are popping in regularly with a smile and a mop. The food not so amazing but I didn’t come here for a gourmet experience! Would have no hesitation in returning or recommending this company.

Jordan Moore reviewed highly recommended my experience was…

highly recommended my experience was brillant from start to finish will definitely be using these guys again once I get down to my weight to sort my lose skin out

Miss K Elizabeth reviewed I had a boob augmentation (implant…

I had a boob augmentation (implant under the muscle) this week at medistanbul with booking surgery and I arranged the booking with David a co-ordinater who was nothing short of brilliant and even came to see me post surgery to make sure things were all okay. Dr Yalcin did my surgery, post surgery care and took out my drains and was a lovely bloke who achieved everything I asked for and more. Lily - my interpreter helped me the whole time and even got me English tea and coffee into the hospital, she helped me with my payments and general healthcare. All of the nurses were so caring, considerate and made me feel comfortable. On my leaving day, I felt reassured and ready to leave. I will definitely be returning for more surgery in the future :)

Danielle selwood reviewed Incredible service 5☆ all the way!

FDL 360 & BREAST UPLIFT n IMPLANTS Op date 3rd June 2024 Under Dr Yalçin At Medistanbul Hospital Omg I honestly have so much to say! What a fantastic service from the moment I contacted them nearly a year ago. My coordinator was Deniz and nothing was to much. I was given all the information about surgeons, pictures of there plastic surgery work and the decision was mine. I chose Dr Yalçin🩺 Upon arrival in Istanbul Sunday 2nd June I was picked up and it all began. Loads of staff a lot of different faces and always an translators at all times. I meet Dr Yalçin Monday 8am he done his drawings in me and I went down about 8.30am. Pain was manageable, nurses would come when you buzzed. Dr visited very day to check on all my wounds. Honestly just so incredibly grateful to Dr Yalçin and his team, 20yrs I waited and you made all my dreams come true in 1 day. Plus he has the loveliest smile you will see in your day. I had a few peeks and the wounds and stitching look phenomenal. If only Dr Yalçin new how much is amazing work literally changes people's lives. Thank you so much ;-) Big shout out to Lily and the whole translators and Booking Surgery Team. Would 💯 recommend to anyone asking and i know where to come if I'm ever looking for something else in future (Maybe thigh n arms we will see)! Though my husband did say next time we come to Turkey 🇹🇷 it's for a holiday😜 Take Care All Danielle Selwood

Maz reviewed Mike Smith my coordinator was…

Mike Smith my coordinator was amazing.. he was in contact throughout and even checked up on me once I was home. I would highly recommend this service and it’s definitely worth the travel l.

Jo Davis reviewed Breast uplift with implant…

I had a breast uplift with implant through BookingSurgery.Com on 3rd June 2024, and my partner had dental work done by them too whilst we were there. My partner and I used this company through personal recommendation from someone he knew who had used them for weight loss surgery and then for plastics/reconstructive surgery after. After hearing "horror stories" about surgeries abroad, it was important to get it right. I initially contacted BookingSurgery.Com through their website and a coordinator named Robert Campbell followed up my enquiry through WhatsApp message. After discussion about breast augmentation, Robert consulted with the surgery team and came back to me with a recommendations and quote from two surgeons. The recommendation was breast uplift with implant. I was very happy that the quote included transfers from airport to hospital, the surgery and medications, three meals a day for myself and a companion and their overnight stay too. To secure the price I only had to pay a £100 deposit and the outstanding balance didn't need to be paid until my surgery date. Robert asked me when I'd like to come for my surgery, I gave him an ideal date and he secured it. Robert was a brilliant coordinator, very polite and responded to my queries in good time, liaised with the surgeon and informed me accordingly at all times. When it came to the time for us to come to Turkey, the person who met us off the plane (Gurçan) was very friendly, helpful and a good driver. The cab had WiFi we could connect to which was great. (We also had the same driver who took us back to the airport for our return flight.) We arrived at the hospital and were met by a very happy, welcoming friendly translator called Stella who showed us to our room and explained what would happen next (as you have your pre-op on the day of arrival.) The consent form was very transparent on the surgery I was receiving, what to expect and any risks associated with the procedure which meant I could make an informed choice. The hospital we were at was called Yasam and the rooms, corridors etc were very clean and nice. The nurses were friendly and the care received was of a high quality. The cleaners were friendly and polite too. We had our own bathroom and smart tv and were comfortable. My partner's coordinator, Nora, arranged affordable transfers using the BookingSurgery.Com drivers to take him to the dental hospital in the city where he had his prep work and crowns fitted. The following day was surgery day and I met with my surgeon (Dr Nebil) and the anaesthetist. Dr Nebil really listened to what I was hoping to achieve and very informative. Before going down for surgery, the nurse gave me a sedative as general procedure. I was very happy with the results of my surgery and glad that I followed Dr Nebil's advice of implant with the uplift. His work is amazing! The nurses looked after me very well and the Dr visits you every single day to check on your progress and to answer any questions. There's always a translator on site which makes communication no issue. Pain relief and medications are all included in the care during hospital and when you go home. You receive an information pack to go home with which gives you very detailed advice on how to care for yourself following surgery including when you can resume normal activities such as driving, exercise, sunbathing etc. There are fit to fly letters, medication list with instructions on how to use, all tests taken prior to surgery, and after with the results, and a detailed write up on the surgery process, what was performed and how. I have photocopies of the boxes that my implants came in with serial numbers, details etc, and also contact info for a post op coordinator should there be any issues or if my recovery isn't as explained in the letter. This is very reassuring that BookingSurgery.Com are still looking after me once home. There were 4 translators in the hospital who were all helpful but I want to give a special mention to Stella and Oscar who I felt were more like friends. I met some lovely people on my ward who were all with BookingSurgery.Com for various procedures and having them to talk with definitely helped in terms of company and what to expect in regards of recovery etc. Before leaving Yasam hospital, I was very happy that I was able to have a photo taken with my Dr and translators, and am so happy that I chose to use BookingSurgery.Com